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Justice and the Interstates: The Racist Truth about Urban Highways (Paperback)
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When the U.S. interstate system was constructed, spurred by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, many highways were purposefully routed through Black, Brown, and poor communities. These neighborhoods were destroyed, isolated from the rest of the city, or left to deteriorate over time.
Edited by Ryan Reft, Amanda Phillips de Lucas, and Rebecca Retzlaff, Justice and the Interstates examines the toll that the construction of the U.S. Interstate Highway System has taken on vulnerable communities over the past seven decades, details efforts to restore these often- segregated communities, and makes recommendations for moving forward. It opens up new areas for historical inquiry, while also calling on engineers, urban planners, transportation professionals, and policymakers to account for the legacies of their practices.
The chapters, written by diverse experts and thought leaders, look at different topics related to justice and the highway system, including:
- A history of how White supremacists used interstate highway routing in Alabama to disrupt the civil rights movement
- The impact of the highway in the Bronzeville area of Milwaukee
- How the East Los Angeles Interchange disrupted Eastside communities and displaced countless Latino households
- Efforts to restore the Rondo neighborhood of St. Paul
About the Author
Ryan Reft is a historian of the Modern U.S. in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress. Since 2017, He has worked as senior co-editor of the Urban History Association’s blog, The Metropole.
Amanda Phillips de Lucas is a social scientist and environmental historian. She studies infrastructure, highways, environmental justice, and social movements.
Rebecca Retzlaff is a professor in the Community Planning Program and director of the Academic Sustainability Program at Auburn University. She formerly worked as a planner with the City of Detroit and in the Research Department of the American Planning Association.
"This collection of essays challenges us to confront the history of politics and race that built America’s highways. Justice and the Interstates is a must-read for government officials, transportation policymakers, scholars, and anyone who travels in a car — that is, everybody."
— Sarah A. Seo, Professor of Law, Columbia Law School, author of "Policing the Open Road: How Cars Transformed American Freedom"
"'American highways were too often built through Black neighborhoods on purpose,' transportation secretary Pete Buttigieg tweeted in 2021. In deeply researched and carefully crafted case studies, the talented contributors to this impressive volume shine a bright light on the racialized politics that demolished businesses and homes and heaped another round of grime and noise on the nation’s poorest residents."
— Mark H. Rose, Professor of History, Florida Atlantic University